“my country’s carbon peak and carbon neutral tasks are very arduous, and the requirements will be more rigid.” Li Gao, Director of the Department of Climate Change Response of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, recently stated that the steel industry, as an important supporting industry for my country’s economic development and a key carbon emission industry, should be strengthened. The consensus on carbon emission reduction will transform the challenge into its own high-quality development motivation.
Li Gao made the above statement at the 2021 (12th) China Iron and Steel Development Forum held on the 20th. He pointed out that the steel industry should be guided by the national carbon peak and carbon neutral goals, plan goals and tasks as a whole, formulate scientific action plans, and promote the industry’s carbon emissions to peak as soon as possible.
The recent signal issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology is also very “rigid”. The reporter learned that the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will formulate more stringent implementation measures for capacity replacement in the iron and steel industry this year, improve the capacity information early warning release mechanism, implement dual control of capacity and output, organize the implementation of steel decapacity The output constraint mechanism based on the total energy consumption, etc.
At present, my country’s steel industry has the largest carbon emissions among the 31 manufacturing sectors, and crude steel production accounts for more than half of the global crude steel production.
According to Yin Ruiyu, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, after decades of development and progress, my country’s steel industry has reached an internationally advanced level in terms of energy consumption and carbon emissions per ton of steel. The huge output of crude steel has caused the total carbon emissions of the entire industry to remain large. .
Compared with the crude steel output that fluctuates at a high level, the profit margin of the steel industry is relatively weak. How to further decarbonize, reduce volume, and increase efficiency? How big is the space? Where is the focus? These are the problems that the steel industry cannot achieve carbon peaks and carbon neutrality.
“Don’t look at carbon peaks and carbon neutrality in isolation.” Li Yizhong, president of the China Federation of Industrial Economics, pointed out that carbon peaks and carbon neutrality are related to adjusting and optimizing the industrial structure, energy structure, and product structure, and affect the high quality of the national economy. development of.
Li Yizhong’s views are particularly evident in the steel industry. The coal-based energy structure, the blast furnace-converter-based process structure, low industry concentration, insufficient supply of high-end green products, and other energy, industry, and product structural issues all affect the carbon peak and carbon neutrality of the steel industry. And factors. On the other hand, low-carbon development will also force the steel industry to deepen supply-side structural reforms and achieve high-quality development.
“To take a calm look at the current high growth of steel consumption, the country’s proposal to reduce crude steel output is to require the steel industry to effectively transform its development concept from high-speed growth to high-quality development.” Luo Tiejun, vice president of the China Iron and Steel Association, said that no matter what Whether to control production capacity or reduce production, the goal is to form a higher level of supply and demand balance, which is not only conducive to achieving carbon peak and carbon neutral goals, but also conducive to the transformation and upgrading of the steel industry.
In February of this year, the China Iron and Steel Association issued a proposal calling on the steel industry to strive to achieve carbon peaks in advance during the “14th Five-Year Plan” period: one is to achieve the peak output of crude steel as soon as possible, and the other is to promote the research and development of transformative technologies such as low-carbon metallurgy. The third is the orderly development of electric furnace short-process technology, and the fourth is to improve the application of high-strength steel.
Iron and steel companies have responded positively. From the recent 2021 business plans released by Baowu Group, Hegang Group, Anshan Iron and Steel Group and other steel companies, it can be seen that carbon peak and carbon neutrality have become key words for corporate development.
Li Xinchuang, chief engineer of the Metallurgical Industry Planning and Research Institute, introduced that the steel industry is accelerating the research on carbon peaking and carbon reduction action plans, including promoting green layout, energy conservation and energy efficiency, optimizing energy use and process structure, building a circular economy industrial chain, and applications Breakthrough low-carbon technology, strengthen system construction and policy system support, etc.
“The iron and steel industry will be the first important industry to implement carbon peaking and carbon neutrality. Local governments will implement the key links of carbon peaking and seize the most important areas of technological innovation.” Li Xinchuang said.
Post time: Mar-31-2021